Cable-Port Info

Cable Port NamePhoto Depiction
Digital Visual Interface (DVI):

A video cable, similar to the VGA, used for high definition video signal.
Video Graphics Array (VGA):

Most common video cable, found on 90% of most non-Apple computers.
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI):

Newest video cable, beginning to replace VGA and DVI cables
Apple Dongle:

Connect Apple products to VGA ports. This is the most common variety of Apple Dongles. Apples Ports are different then the standard computers. So to output video from an Apple device you will need oneof these to convert to a VGA cable. These dongles can also be found to fit any Apple product. They can also be made to convert to almost any other type of port.
Universal Serial Bus (USB):

Most universal adapter. Found most commonly on Flash drives (also known as USB drives). Also used for computer mice, keyboard, phone chargers, lights, even headphones

Computer peripherals connector. Often used on Macs as video output

Most commonly used to quickly transfer video/audio from digital cameras. Some other uses such as internet connection.
Mini & Micro USB:

Connect to Androids, Widows Devices, and Cameras. Mini (top) used on older devices. Micro USB became new standard with better design and more slim profile allowing for use on smaller devices.
Apple 30-pin:

Connect iPods, iPads, and iPhones to USB ports. The typical Apple charging cable for mobile devices generation 4 and older, they are typical used for charging and connecting the parent device to a computer for backup or data transfer. Used for iPads 1 2 and 3, iPhone 3 4 and 4s, and iPod Touch 1 2 3 and 4, iPod classic, and iPod Nano 1-6. 
Apple Lightning Cable:

Connect newer iPhones, iPads, and iPods to USB ports. The newest Apple charging and data transfer cable, these are slowly replacing the 30-pin.
Ethernet Cable:

Provides a wired Internet connection. Not to be confused with small telephone cables. Most often provides better connection than using Wi-Fi

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